The full mount is one of the most dominant ground position in Jiu jitsu where one fighter sits on the other fighter’s torso. With the advantage of gravity, the fighter on top can generate considerable amount of momentum for myriads of attacks such as chokeholds, joint locks, and strikes. Whether it is High mount, low mount, reverse mount, or S-mount, one thing is for sure, being on top of the mount gives you significant advantages while leaving the other fighter with almost no offense.
An effective mount escapes are some of the most important tools you MUST learn from Jiu jitsu. Once mounted, your main priority is to sweep the opponent or transition into a better position. Without further ado, we list down the 6 simple ways to escape a full mount:
1. Bridge Escape or “Upa”
Bridging is a fundamental movement not only in Brazilian Jiu jitsu, but in almost every grappling discipline out there. In doing a Bridge escape, you need control their left arm by either grabbing it with your hands or trapping it behind your head. Bring your feet in close to your butt and put your right foot outside of their left foot to trap it. From there on, start bridging up really hard and roll to the right. Since their left foot and arm are trapped, they can establish a good base and you’ll end up on top of their guard.
2. Bridging to Leg Lock
This is a similar technique to the previous Bridging escape. But here, after thrusting your hips upwards, you need to put on of your legs through and push the opponent to the side. Once your opponent is disoriented, you can grab is other leg and apple an Achilles Lock or a Heel Hook. Make sure that you complete it by shoving away the other leg to prevent him from standing. You can also tuck his foot under his other leg in a figure-4 configuration to keep him from attempting a leg lock of his own.
3. Hip Bump to Sweep
Another variation of Bridge escape, but this technique is a little more effective. Use your elbow to work their mount as low as possible onto your hips. Bridge up to get them to put their hand onto the ground. Drop your hips back down as you reach up to grab one of the opponent’s arm. Use your left foot to step over the opponent’s right foot. Now you can bridge up again as turn towards the opponent and end up in the top position.
4. Heel Twist Escape
Once mounted, you need to thrust your hips to get your opponent’s hand onto the ground and to prevent them from throwing punches. Get close to the opponent’s body to minimize the space. Trap and push his foot inward with left foot as push the heel with your other foot. By creating a lot of pressure to his ankle, your opponent will surely roll to the side to relieve the pressure.
5. Knee Escape
This is probably the best mount escape against larger opponents. The techniques starts off by using your elbows to push their as low onto your hips as possible. Straighten your legs and press it flat onto the ground. Turn onto your left hip and use your right leg to hook their right leg and pull it across your left leg. Push their right knee with both of your elbows into your half guard. From there on, you need to create more space or work your other leg out into full guard.
6. Hip Shrimping
Here’s a very nice technique from Master Kurt Osiander. Use your elbows to work on their mount to establish a good initial defense. Push the opponent’s hips with one of your hands and use the other elbow to block the opponent’s legs and create space. You can then shrimp out your hip and put one of your legs through. From there, you can finish your scoot to a close guard. Always keep your head flushed against the ground to prevent the opponent from controlling it.
In the dojo, practice resisted and unresisted drills, as well as obstructed and unobstructed drills. That means that at different times, you should instruct your partner to just sit there, to fight back, or to offer you limited access to his limbs. Getting your bridge to be technically efficient and powerful is a great goal no matter what level of Jiu jitsu you have.
The back bridge or “upa” position, the “shrimp” side-to-side position and others that are usually taught as warm-ups all have relevance as training methods because they improve power, balance, and coordination.
It is essential to learn the concepts behind each techniques to avoid getting caught in a full mount position. Positioning incorporates the defensive postures and fundamental movements in ways that further destabilize the opponent or nullify his attacks. It develops your understanding of how to position your legs, hips, arms and head to achieve those ends. Failing to to yield a fruitful outcome can always capitalize to a transition for a better position.
It is also important to keep yourself moving once mounted. This gives your opponent a certain amount of discomfort, making it easier for you to escape. Defensive posturing, slightly different from positioning, revolves around using positions to buy time to create escapes or otherwise capitalize on your opponent’s mistakes.
The best mount escape is the combination of these techniques. The key is to practice several mount escapes for two reasons: 1) a single maneuver doesn’t always work according to plan; and 2) Jiu jitsu techniques are complementary to each other, if the person on top stops one, then the other is often easier to apply.